Mumbai4 hours ago
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Every year in India, more girls graduate in subjects like Science and Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM) than developed countries like US, UK, Germany and France. The interesting thing about the statistics related to STEM graduates is that the number of boys newly graduating from these disciplines in India has been decreasing continuously for the last three years while the number of girls is increasing. Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan gave this information in reply to a question asked in Lok Sabha on Monday.
More girls in new STEM graduates
Pradhan gave this answer to a question that asked how many STEM graduates have taken place in the country in the last three years and whether the number of girls has been more than the boys. He presented data from the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) for the last three years. According to this data, 11.9 lakh boys were STEM graduates in 2019-20, compared to 12.9 lakh in 2017-18. During this period, the number of girls graduating in these subjects increased from 10 lakh to 10.6 lakh.
Percentage of STEM Graduate Girls in India 43%
Percentage-wise, India has a higher percentage of STEM graduate girls (43%) than other developed countries, according to World Bank data. The percentage of STEM graduate girls is 34% in the US, 38% in the UK, 27% in Germany, and 32% in France. Pradhan also mentioned government schemes to encourage girls to study STEM subjects. He specifically mentioned Knowledge Involvement Research Advancement through Nurturing (KIRAN) for girls. The objective of this scheme is to encourage girls to come in the field of science and technology.
Emphasis on increasing girls’ interest in STEM subjects
The Union Minister also informed that the government has started ‘Mobility’ program to solve the problems related to transfer of working women scientists. According to him, ‘Indo-US Fellowship for Women in STEMM’ (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math and Medicine) has also been launched. The government has started this scheme so that Indian women scientists, engineers and technologists get opportunities for international collaborative research in reputed institutions of America for 3 to 6 months.
The percentage of STEM graduate girls in 2018 was 42.73%
Pradhan also spoke about government schemes like Consolidation of University Research and Excellence in Women Universities (Curie) and Vigyan Jyoti for meritorious girls from class 9 to 12 to increase the number of girls studying STEM subjects. In 2016, the percentage of girls in STEM graduates here was 42.72%, compared to 33.99% in the US, 27.14% in Germany, 38.10% in the UK, 31.81% in France and 31.43% in Canada. The percentage of new STEM graduate girls in India was 43.93% in 2017 and 42.73% in 2018.