Heatstroke: Know Causes And Who Are At Higher Risk? These Are Ways To Avoid


People need to be hospitalized and in some cases even die due to extreme hot air or heatstroke. Heat stroke occurs when a person’s body temperature (over 104 degrees Fahrenheit i.e. 40 degrees Celsius) rises very much. Due to extreme temperature and humidity, the body is unable to cool itself down through sweat and breath. Due to heat stroke, the person’s heart rate increases, breathing starts fast, problems like dizziness, nausea and muscle cramps would have to be faced. Apart from that, confusion is experienced and finally the patient becomes completely conscious.

ways to avoid heatstroke

Heat stroke is often fatal if not treated on time. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an average of 658 people in the United States die from heatstroke each year. People of any age group can be affected by heat stroke, but it mostly affects the elderly, especially people over 70 years of age, as our body’s ability to cool itself decreases with age.

In addition, many common medications used to control seizures and psychiatric disorders impair the body’s ability to regulate temperature. The risk of an elderly person not being aware of or not taking care of the dangerous heat increases further. Apart from increasing age, other factors that increase the risk of heatstroke are obesity, diabetes and heart disease. There are three ways to deal with this potentially fatal situation:


keep drinking water Increase water intake in hot weather and avoid drinking sugary beverages and alcohol. If your doctor has limited your daily intake of water because of a heart problem or any other disease, keep in touch with them during the heat wave to avoid complications.

relax- Do not exercise during the day when it is hot. That is, avoid exercising from 10 o’clock in the day to five in the evening. If your home or car does not have air conditioning, wear light and loose clothing. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight. Splash water on yourself and sit in front of the fan, take a cold water bath. Place a cloth of cold water on your neck, armpit or head and keep in touch with the doctor.

Fans help in avoiding the heat- Fans are definitely helpful, but they do not reduce the temperature of the air, rather the sweat gets dried easily due to air on the skin, due to which the body temperature decreases. Fans are useful, but air conditioners are better in extreme humidity, as it produces dry air, which causes the body to cool down more easily. Keep yourself cool, rest and do not let the body lack water.

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