Baidyanath jyotirlinga : Baidyanath Dham of Deoghar is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in the country. Mythological belief is that in the 52 volumes of Mata Sati, the heart of Mata Sati fell here. At the top of the temple, instead of Trishul, Panchshul is present. It is believed that the wish gets fulfilled just by seeing it.
It is said that Lord Shiva appointed Bhairav to protect the 52 sections of the body of Sati. Here the heart of Mother Sati fell, hence it is also called Hridaypeeth or Shaktipeeth.
The name of Bhairav who was appointed to protect the heart of the mother was Baidyanath. When Ravana reached here with Shivling, Lord Brahma and Vishnu named the Shivling as Baidyanath. There is also a belief regarding the naming of Shakti Peeth that Baiju was a devotee of Shiva in Tretayuga. Pleased with his devotion, Shiva added Baiju in front of his name, due to which the name was Baijnath and Baijnath is also called Baidyanath.
Ravana wanted to settle Shiva in Lanka
Shiva devotee Ravana wanted Shiva to leave Kailash and stay in Lanka. For this he did severe penance in Kailash. One by one, he started offering his heads on the Shivling, as soon as he went to cut off the tenth head, God appeared and asked to ask for a boon. Ravana told Shiva his desire to go to Lanka. Shiva fulfilled the wish, as well as placed a condition. According to this, Ravana did not have to keep Shivling anywhere in the middle. Coming near Deoghar, Ravana put down the Shivling and it froze there. This pilgrimage is also called Ravanaeshwar Dham.
This Jyotirlinga does not have a trident, but a Panchshul. There are different beliefs regarding this. Some people believe that Panchshul is a symbol of destroying the five vices of the human body, Kama, Anger, Mad, Greed, Moha, while some people consider the Panchshul to represent the human body made of the five elements Kshiti, Jal, Pavak, Gagan, Sameer. Panchshul is also recognized as a protective shield. Due to this, till date there has not been any kind of disaster on the temple.
Kavadia travels 105 km
Jalabhishek has special significance in this Jyotirlinga. For this, in Sawan, devotees undertake a 105 km arduous walk and perform Jalabhishek of Baba by taking water from the Uttar Vahini Ganga flowing in Sultanganj.