Under special contract with The New York Times: Satellites around the world are monitored from this station on the Norwegian island

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2 hours agoAuthor: Anna Filippova/Henry Fountain

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At the northern tip of the earth is the Arctic Station.

The picture is of the Arctic Station at the North Pole, the far end of the Earth. The station on the Norwegian island has 100 dome-like centers with highly sensitive antennas that monitor satellites from NASA, the European Space Agency, the Japan Aerospace Agency and other countries.

These satellites make an average of 3,500 revolutions in space every day, with whom these antennas collect data. Through this, research related to global warming or climate change, space, glaciers, forests and beaches is done. Among them are NASA’s Landsat and ESA’s Sentinel. They rotate from the North Pole to the South Pole every one and a half hours.

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Antennas are buried in snow for 170 days of the year
This station is about 1290 km from the Norwegian coast. Director Maj-Stina oversees a staff of about 40 people. The biggest challenge is the maintenance and repair of antennas, as they get buried in snow for 170 days a year. In such a situation, the signal coming and going from the satellite can be weak or disappear.

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