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Government think tank NITI Aayog on Thursday released the third edition of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Index. This index was first launched in December 2018. Since then, this index has become an effective tool to monitor the progress of the Sustainable Development Goals in the country. This time there was a delay in the release of the version due to the assembly elections, which was to be launched in March 2021.
The index calculates the goal-wise score on the SDGs
The index calculates goal-wise scores on 16 SDGs for each state and union territory. Overall, these scores are derived from a calculated goal-wise score to measure the overall performance of the sub-national unit based on their performance on the 16 SDGs. This index has been developed in India in collaboration with the United Nations.
These scores range from 0-100 and if a state/UT gets a score of 100, it reflects the fact that that state/UT has achieved the 2030 target. The higher the score of a state/UT, the more distance it would have achieved the target.
Kerala’s best performance
In terms of performing best, Kerala is at the forefront. The state’s score in the index is 75, which is the highest. It is followed by Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu with a score of 74. At the same time, Bihar has the lowest score among the total states, which has a score of 52.
The sectors to focus on are identified in the states
The creation and subsequent functioning of the indicator is a symbol of the central objective of measuring and ranking the performance of States and UTs on the SDGs. It supports the states and union territories in identifying the sectors that need more attention. Such as education, health, sanitation, employment, infrastructure, energy and environment.
The government’s effort on SDG is being appreciated all over the world.
Releasing the report, Dr. Rajiv Kumar, Vice President, NITI Aayog said that our effort to monitor the Sustainable Development Goals through SDG India Index and Dashboard is being appreciated worldwide. We are confident that this will help advance surveillance efforts at the international level.
Healthy competition among States and UTs has also been encouraged by the ranking based on global targets under the index. NITI Aayog Advisor (SDG) Samyukta Samaddar said that in the third edition, 17 objectives, 70 targets and 115 indicators have been included. The name of this report released by NITI Aayog is ‘SDG India Index and Dashboard 2020-21: Participation in the Decade of Action’.