GandhinagarOne hour agoAuthor: Dinesh Joshi
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For the past few days, there has been speculation of a tussle between Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath and the central leadership of the Bharatiya Janata Party. In the political circles, the reason for this is being told as a change of leadership and cabinet expansion in Uttar Pradesh, but another story is coming out behind it. According to sources, the BJP leadership is contemplating to bifurcate Uttar Pradesh and form a separate Purvanchal state before the assembly elections to be held next year.
The sending of AK Sharma, a close aide of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and former bureaucrat, to Uttar Pradesh and making him a member of the Legislative Council, is also being linked to this. Sharma has been handling the corona management in Varanasi, the Prime Minister’s parliamentary constituency, for some time.
According to experts, if Purvanchal is formed, then Gorakhpur will also come in the new state, which is the stronghold of Yogi. Yogi was a Lok Sabha MP from Gorakhpur for five terms from 1998 to 2017. Yogi is also the Mahant of Gorakshapeeth. Its center is in Gorakhpur itself.
There may be 23 to 25 districts and 125 assembly seats in Purvanchal.
According to sources, 23 to 25 districts including Gorakhpur can be included in Purvanchal. It will also have 125 assembly seats. It is being said that the Yogi camp does not agree on these aspects. Significantly, the demand for separate Purvanchal, Bundelkhand and Harit Pradesh has been going on for a long time. However, earlier the Yogi government had selected 28 districts for the development of Purvanchal.
Only the one who wins Purvanchal is in control of the power of UP.
It is believed that the way to power in UP goes through Purvanchal itself. Whoever got more seats in Purvanchal, he is in power here. If we look at the elections held in the last 27 years, the voters of Purvanchal have never been with any one party. In 2017, after 27 years, the BJP got a thumping majority, but it is still weak in 10 districts.
BJP won 82 seats in 1991
In 1991, in the midst of Ram temple wave, when BJP first came to power in UP, it brought 221 seats. Since delimitation was not done at that time, saffron was waved in 82 out of 152 seats in 28 districts of Purvanchal. While it is well known that after that year after year the performance of BJP got weaker. After 1991, in 2017, BJP got 115 seats out of 164 assembly seats in 28 districts of Purvanchal. Which is the record of BJP till now.
BJP will have to insist in 10 districts
BJP is still weak in 10 districts comprising 28 districts. While the Samajwadi Party continues to dominate. There are some districts where the BJP has made a lead in 2017, but it is feared that it will continue in the 2022 elections. After delimitation in 3 districts included in these ten districts, there has been a reshuffle in the count of seats.
Why does BJP become weak in Purvanchal?
Kaushal Kishor Mishra, Professor of Political Science, Banaras Hindu University, says, “The BJP has no vote bank in Purvanchal. During the elections in Purvanchal, both religion and casteism run. This is the reason that sometimes on the pretext of Brahmin-Dalit-Muslim equation, BSP and sometimes on the pretext of MY (Muslim-Yadav) equation, SP got majority here. Similarly, when the spirit of Hindutva was awakened by the BJP, the BJP got a majority.
Mishra says, ‘After 1991, the BJP became weak because of this. Because he did not have any such issue or any equation from which he could raise the agenda of Hindutva. In 1991, when the issue of Hindutva was raised by the BJP, it got a majority. When Narendra Modi became PM in 2014, in 2017 once again Purvanchal got majority on the pretext of Hindutva agenda. Since the organization of BJP was also very weak after 1991 which has become strong now.