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On this day in 1921, the Indian National Congress recognized a flag as its unofficial flag. This flag was made by Pingali Venkaiah. The flag had a red and green color representing the two major religions of India. When Pingali went to Gandhiji with this flag, he also suggested to put a white color and spinning wheel in the flag. The white color represented the rest of India’s religions and the Charkha Swadeshi movement and being self-sufficient.
Thousands of people held this flag in their hands during a peaceful protest in Nagpur in 1923. Subhash Chandra Bose also used this flag during World War II. At the same time, there was a dispute over the linking of the colors of the flag to religions. Many people started demanding to add mace instead of spinning wheel in the flag, while many people started demanding to add another ocher color to the flag. The Sikhs also demanded that either the yellow color be added to the flag or the removal of all religious symbols.
In 1931, the Congress Working Committee formed a committee of 7 people to resolve this dispute. The committee suggested that the flag be made of only one color. This suggestion of the committee was not accepted. In the same year, the Congress recognized the flag made by Pingali Venkaiah as the official flag of the party.
After independence, the constitution committee decided to make this flag of Congress the flag of India with some changes. A major change in this flag was about the spinning wheel. The spinning wheel in the middle of the flag was replaced by the Ashoka Chakra. The flag was first officially hoisted on 22 July 1947.
After independence, India had become a secular country. Therefore, the interpretation of the colors of the flags based on religion was changed. It was said that the colors of this flag have nothing to do with religions. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan took the colors of this flag and said that “Saffron color denotes renunciation or apathy. Our leaders should be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work. The white color in the middle of the flag is a light, which is the way of truth to guide our conduct. The green color reflects our relationship with the soil and the environment. The Ashoka Chakra in the middle of the flag is the wheel of the law of religion. The principle of the people working under this flag must be true. It is also a symbol of speed. Speed is life and stagnation is death. India should keep moving forward, not opposing change. “
There has been no change in the flag of India since then. However, citizens of India were not allowed to hoist the flag in their homes and shops on any day other than the national festival. In 2002, changes were made to the Indian flag code. Today every Indian citizen can hoist the flag with honor in their home, shop, factory, office any day.
1929: Mickey Mouse received voice
On this day in the year 1929, the children’s favorite cartoon Mickey Mouse got a voice. Disney released a cartoon called Carnival Kid in which Mickey Mouse uttered his first word ‘hot dog’. With this, Mickey Mouse became the world’s first speaking cartoon character. The original voice behind Mickey’s voice was that of Carl Sterling.
Mickey Mouse’s first film, Steamboat Willie, came in 1928.
Viewers first saw Mickey Mouse in the 1928 film Steamboat Willie. It is said that the idea of making Mickey Mouse came to Walt Disney when he saw a rat walking near his desk while working. Then Mickey Mouse would only laugh or whistle. Today Mickey Mouse is so famous that people know Disney from Mickey Mouse. This cartoon character has appeared in more than 130 films.
Today World No Tobacco Day
Today is World Tobacco Prohibition Day. It is celebrated on this day every year to create awareness about the health problems caused by the use of tobacco. In 1987, WHO member countries started celebrating this day for the first time. The WHO passed a resolution announcing the day of April 7, 1988 as World No Smoking Day. In the same year, another resolution was passed to celebrate World No Tobacco Day on 31 May every year. Since then, every year on 31 May this day is celebrated all over the world. Every year different themes are set to celebrate this day. This year’s theme is ‘Quit tobacco to be a winner’ i.e. ‘Quit tobacco to win’.
The day of 31 May is remembered due to other important events in history…
2017: US President Trump removed India from the preferential trading list.
2012: A nationwide strike was held in India to protest against the rising prices of petrol and diesel.
1962: Israel was hanged by Adolf Aikman. Aichmann had killed thousands of Jews.
The photo is from 15 December 1961. Adolf Icman stands in the glass booth on the left. On this day, Aikman was sentenced to death.
1961: South Africa became an independent country.
1959: The Buddhist Dalai Lama was granted asylum in India after his exile from Tibet.
1935: More than 50 thousand people died due to severe earthquake in Quetta city of Pakistan.
1927: Car manufacturer Ford halted production of its famous car Model T.
1907: Taxi service was introduced for the first time in New York City, USA
1725: Queen Ahilyabai Holkar of Holkar dynasty was born.