One hour ago
- Copy link
If Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi had not gone to South Africa, would he have become a Mahatma? This is a question to which Gandhi himself could hardly answer. Before coming to India, he opposed apartheid and apartheid in South Africa. Staying there, he fought not only for Indians but also for the people of other disadvantaged sections. One such struggle was The Great March, which emerged as the biggest victory abroad for Mahatma Gandhi.
In March 1913, the Cape’s Supreme Court ruled that marriages that did not take place according to Christian customs are illegal. This meant that the marriage of most Indians became illegal. When marriage is illegal then how will the children born to it remain valid?
The effect of the Supreme Court’s decision was that Indian children would be evicted from the legacy of their ancestors, then there was outrage among the citizens. On the other hand the government of Natal started prosecuting the Indians who could not pay the annual tax of 3 pounds.
Then Mahatma Gandhi started the Satyagraha in Natal and Transvaal. On 6 November 1913, The Great March was launched against oppressive law. More than 2,000 people marched to Natal under Gandhiji’s leadership. Gandhiji was arrested. If released on bail, then joined the march. Then they were arrested.
This sequence was broken and Gandhiji won. The government agreed to the agreement. There was talk in General John Smits as a representative of Gandhiji and the South African government. Indian Relief Bill passed and Indian citizens got freedom from black law.
Abraham Lincoln becomes 16th President of America
In 1860 Abraham Lincoln became the 16th President of the United States on 6 November. He was the first President of the Republican Party and not only lifted the US from the civil war but laid the foundation for the new America by ending slavery. Lincoln was born into a poor family. Lincoln’s journey from there to becoming president of a country like America was extremely difficult.
He will be known for centuries as a great thinker. His definition of democracy – rule by the people, by the people for the people – is still acceptable today. Lincoln is also believed to have fought cases of poor clients for free. Because of this he was never a successful lawyer. Hundreds of stories of unsuccessful advocacy days for twenty years testify to his honesty and generosity.
These events are considered important on 6 November in India and the world: –